What Is Passover?
What Do You Eat During Seder?
By Cara J. Stevens
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Got matzo? Learn about what’s on the Seder plate and what each item represents. Specific foods are traditionally served due to their symbolic meaning.
The Seder Plate is the central focus of the Passover table. It contains:
- Charoset: a mixture of chopped apples, nuts and sweet wine, to represent the mortar used to assemble the pyramids of the Pharaohs.
- Karpas: a green vegetable or herb (such as parsley) for spring. It is often dipped in salt water to symbolize tears.
- Beitzah: a roasted hard-boiled egg, representing the cycle of life and the temple sacrifice.
- Zeroah: a roasted lamb or veal shankbone commemorating the ancient Passover sacrifice.
- Mar'or: a bitter herb (like horseradish) representing the bitterness of slavery.
- Chazeret: a second bitter herb, such as lettuce, occasionally fills the sixth place on the Seder plate.
- Three pieces of Matzoh: the unleavened bread, covered or wrapped in cloth to be used at certain points in the Seder.
In addition to the Seder plate, four cups of wine or grape juice are consumed at set points in the Seder to represent God’s promises. For some great recipes for your Passover feast, check out the Kaboose Passover Recipes.